Utopia as Part of the Revolution Cycle : outline
definition: the ideal, conceptual society in which every individual can be happy and live a fulfilled live (Sources: More & Surtz, Ritzer)
people's lives are worth living and worth making better (Source: Marcuse)
definition: a society resulting from an attempt at utopia where the government creates a false happiness through extreme, often overwhelming social control under the illusion of creating a utopia (Source: Ritzer)
What changes to make a society dystopian?
An attempt at utopia creates a dystopia – sometimes the utopia exists briefly before falling, other times the dystopia simply appears outwardly to be utopian.
Olivar – KSF acts as though they are rescuing and resurrecting Olivar, but even Lauren knows that they are creating wage slavery. (Sources: Butler, Marcuse)
Government social structure appears on the surface to care for its people, but underneath that surface layer the people don't identify with their social structure anymore (Sources: Baron, Marcuse)
Definition (Source: Cutner)
What role does revolution play in the creation and destruction of utopias and dystopias?
When people feel their social structure does not represent them (Source: Baron), they feel a need to eliminate their affiliation with the group.
How can they eliminate their affiliation?
Remove themselves from the group
Eliminate the group (revolution)
Examples of past revolutions (Source: Cutner)
Results of Revolution
Intent to create utopia (leads to utopia or dystopia)
Creates outside, rebel group in opposition to the existing, original social structure
Revolution as a cycle
Return to people feeling that their new, post-revolution social structure does not represent them (Source: Baron)
American Democracy – minimizes violence of revolution through votes
Utopia and Dystopia's place in the revolution structure
Utopias are an ideal societies in the mind of the people; attempting to create them leads to an unending cycle of revolution, a plateau of utopian or dystopian society, and buildup to another revolution.